Hunting and fishing are such a valued part of our Minnesota heritage that they are forever preserved privileges under the state constitution, alongside protections for freedom of expression and religious liberty.
Our outdoor traditions are a part of our culture. Preserving that culture is critical. Hunters and anglers are the fiercest advocates for fish and wildlife conservation. By way of hunting and license fees, and because of excise taxes on fishing rods and firearms, they also provide the economic base to manage and protect the natural habitat and wildlife we all value.
Unfortunately, this important group of environmental advocates is a shrinking group. A smaller and smaller portion of our state’s population is participating in hunting and fishing. The declining trend may be rooted in an aging population, increased disconnection from the out-of-doors and lower participation rates among minorities – portions of the Minnesota population that are growing the fastest.
This should concern not only the hunter and the angler, it should concern everyone because ultimately fewer people interested in and participating in our outdoor tradition translates into waning support for our natural environment. It’s not a pattern unique to Minnesota, which is of even greater concern. We need to broaden support for outdoor pursuits so we can also maintain a funding base for fish, wildlife and natural resources management.
The Department of Natural Resources offers programs and initiatives to try to sustain and build our population of sports people. Becoming an Outdoors Woman introduces hundreds each year to fishing, hunting and other outdoor sports. More than 10,000 kids and adults annually participate in Fishing in the Neighborhood events aimed at introducing metro area kids to fishing at DNR-managed fishing ponds.
Mentored turkey and deer hunts provide kids the opportunity to hunt with an experienced adult and a special youth waterfowl day allows kids a day to hunt before the regular duck opener. We certified more than 21,000 firearms safety students last year. We’ve recruited women to teach some of these firearm safety courses so girls and women can see someone like them as a leader. Since its inception in 2004, Archery in the Schools has taught basic archery skills to hundreds of thousands of students.
We are fortunate in this state to have an abundance of public lands and waters. In the past year 4,405 acres have been added to the DNR’s 1.4 million-acre wildlife management area system where hunters have access to once private lands; these are lands especially critical for future generations of hunters.
We have pushed for legislative changes aimed at eliminating obstacles and constraints for young sportspeople and made it easier for adults to take youth out fishing and hunting. This past session, the Legislature reduced the nonresident youth license fees so they’re in line with youth resident license fees. And an earlier change created an apprentice hunter validation so young hunters can sample hunting for two seasons before they’re required to complete a hunter education firearms safety course.
In the end, however, DNR can only do so much to reverse course on the trajectory that started its downward and broad-based tilt in the 1990s. Increasing hunter and angler participation is really about the relationship between experienced hunters and an beginners interested in gaining knowledge, ethics and skills. This is the “natural path” to recruitment, and is where every experienced hunter/angler can help.
Hunting and fishing have been lifelong passions of mine – passions I am passing along to my kids. As a conservationist and outdoorsman, I believe we have an obligation to ensure our rich outdoor traditions are passed onto another generation, to preserve our Minnesota culture and ultimately our environment.
As you go afield this fall hunting season, I ask you to share the passion with someone new. Open others to new experiences and foster a renewed culture of outdoor sports in the state — for their future and the future of wildlife conservation and management in Minnesota.
– Tom Landwehr is commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.